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Beds marked with Bailey model numbers Nos. S casting mark on bed a single raised dot on some specimens.

The Superior Works - Stanley Blood & Gore: Planes # - #

Frogs of some planes are nickel-plated on the machined surfaces. B casting marks eliminated. No patent dates on the lateral adjustment lever. Flat-top sides introduced for first time. Frogs are now attached to beds with adjustment pins and set screws.

Knob receiver boss now cupped for fitting knob. Some frogs have orange paint on sides like Bailey planes. Lever caps now have kidney-shaped bolt holes. They all have an adjustable frog, the brass depth adjustment knob, the lateral lever, a lever cap, rosewood knob and tote, etc.

Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Stanley Bed Rock Planes

The key difference between the two designs is found in the way the frog mates with the bottom casting. For such a seemingly minor difference, the Bed Rock planes were offered at a premium over the Bailey's, and it was a design that never seemed to be very static nor nearly as popular as Stanley's wildly successful Bailey line. Since the primary difference between the two models is in their frog designs, most of what follows is paid to that minutiae.


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If you don't wanna be stuck in the quagmire of frog design, best find something else upon which to ponder, like modern day uses of the amazing fiberboard planes, the A , , etc. The Bailey frog underwent several modifications in an attempt to make it seat better, and cheaper each and every frog, and its receiving part of the bottom casting, had to be machined for a proper fit. By about , the frog design had pretty much evolved into the design that most of us handtool fundamentalists recognize - the angled bottom that mates to the bottom casting at two areas, one along the rear of the mouth and the other at a raised crossbar that spans the interior width of the bottom casting.

In other words, the frog does not mate with the bottom casting over the entire area of the frog's bottom. So someone at Stanley, Justus Traut the dude who gave us the 45 , et al , sniffed out a marketing opportunity here. What if a plane were offered that had a frog design where its entire bottom mated with a corresponding area in the bottom casting? There's sure to be megabucks reaped with this design. Or so Stanley thought. The series was a dud when compared to the numbers of Bailey planes sold, and it did have its bright spots, but it, like so many other attempts to build a better mousetrap, also went belly-up after some 40 years of production.

First, the basic frog design of the Bed Rock needs explanation. The bottom casting has a sloped and machined area onto which the frog seats, for its entire length. The frog itself only differs from the conventional Bailey design in that its bottom is flat and fully machined.

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A side view of the frog yields a wedge-like appearance. There is one other subtle detail about the frog design - the frog's bottom forms a broad and flat tongue, which fits into the bottom casting's broad and flat groove. This was provided to prevent the frog from shifting side to side, and guaranteed that the frog would move at a right angle to the mouth when the frog was adjusted.

So there you have it, a frog that mates with the bottom casting over its the frog's full length and is self-centering as well this design remained static during the entire production of the Bed Rock series. Sure woulda made me want to spend the extra 50 cents average price difference to buy one of these babies back ca. Someone else at Stanley, Edmund Schade, invented a little gizmo that found permanent use on all Bed Rocks and was latter added to the Bailey line.

It's a lucky thing, too, that he did invent this otherwise it probably would have been impossible for Stanley to justify the Bed Rocks; i.

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This little gizmo, first offered on the Bed Rock planes from their inception, is a little frog adjustment screw that engages a captive fork secured to the back of the frog. This feature was more of a gimmick than anything else, but it soon found favor amongst hand planers across America. By giving the screw a turn, the frog moved either forward or backward. Frog screwing, thought the stuff of the plane lover's fancy, soon swept America, and it was inevitable that this mechanism would be added to the Bailey design, which it was ca.

The true merit of this feature was proved when, during WWII, some of the Bailey planes were offered without this. Think Stanley's complaint department had its phones ringing off the hook over this? The introduction of the frog adjusment screw to the Bailey series left the Bed Rocks without any real distinguishing pizazz, other than the bright red label used on the boxes of the planes, as the lever cap still had to be removed to gain access to the screws that secured the frog to the main casting in order to adjust the frog in the first place. To address this, the New Britain stinktank tm had to come up with some other gimmick to differentiate the Bed Rocks from the Baileys, and what they decided upon was the capability to adjust the frog without removing the lever cap and iron.

Hey, think how much Joe Meatball's daily existence was bettered simply by saving him from having to remove the lever cap, and then backing off the two frog securing screws to adjust the frog, something that's done at least once or twice a month or two. This swell feature had already been solved a few years earlier by one of Stanley's main competitors, Sargent, located in New Haven, CT, just a short trip south of New Britain. On July 3, , John Shaw received a patent for frog adjustment without having to remove the lever cap and iron assembly.

This innovation was soon 'copied' by Edmund Schade, who came up with another way to accomplish the same function, on March 14, Stanley surely must have perceived some threat from Sargent over this, although the Sargent line of planes incorporating Shaw's patent aren't all that common.


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For a detailed look at Shaw's patent, click here. Schade's novel way of frog adjusting was accomplished by the addition of two frog clamping screws that flank either side of the frog adjusting screw. Each of these screws is pointed on the end without the slot and engages two pins which have a corresponding conical depressions milled into them.


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The pins fit through the frog and into the bottom casting, and have no holding power by themselves. The two screws apply a downward force on the pins when they are tightened, thus locking the frog securely in position. By backing off the screws, the pressure on the pins is relieved, and the frog can be moved forward or backward by turning the frog adjustment screw. It's a neat and efficient frog adjusting mechanism, but its real merit is somewhat questionable since frog adjusting is not something done with any regularity, like, say, adjusting the plane's set depth of cut.

Click here to see a blow-by-blow description from the hands of Stanley's propaganda machine. And speaking of the plane's set, that's exactly what changes whenever the frog is adjusted forward or backward.

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